Location: Southern Asia, between China and India
Geographic Coordinates: 2800N, 8400E
Map Reference: Asia
Area: Total: 147,181 sq km Land: 136,800 sq km water: 4,000 sq km
Area Comparatives: Slightly larger than Arkansas

Landboundaries Total: 2929 km Coastline: 0 km landlocked MaritimeClaims: None Landlocked
Climate: Varies from cool summers and severe winter sin north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south
Terrain: Terai of flat river plain of the ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Kecha Kalan 70 m, Highest Point: Mount Everest 8,850m
Natural Resources: Quartz, water,timber, hydropower,scenic beauty, small deposit of lignite,
Copper, cobalt, iron ore
Land use: Arable land: 21.68% Permanent Crops: 0.64%
other: 77.68% (2001)
Irrigated Land: 11.350 sq km (1998est)
Natural Hazard: Severe thunderstorms, flooding, landslides, drought and farming depending
on the timing intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons
Environment: Deforestation (overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives)
Current issues: Contaminated water (with human and animal waste, agricultural runoff of
the industrial effluents); wildlife conservation; vehicular emissions.
Environment-party to: Bio-diversity, Climate change, Desertification, Endangered species,
Hazardous wastes, low of the sea, Ozone layer Protection.
International agreements: Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, wetlands signed, but not ratified,
Marine life Conservation
Geography Note: Landlocked; strategic Location between China and India; contains eight
worlds 10th highest peaks, including Mount Everest -the world’s tallest- on the border with China